Below is a collection of articles, government documents, reports, websites, and more from around the world. They are from government agencies, NGOs, and other research agencies and include resources in languages other than English. The National Children's Advocacy Center cannot verify the veracity of evidence upon which the listed resources are based. Listing of documents here should not be interpreted as validation or recommendation. The resources are listed first by general international, then by continent, followed by country.
- Australia & New Zealand
- China (Mandarin Language)
- United Kingdom
- Viet Nam
Barth, J., Bermetz, E., Helm, E., Trelle, S., & Tonia, T. (2012). The current prevalence of child sexual abuse world-wide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Public Health, November.
Featured "In The Loop"
Billah, M. (2012). Socio demographic configuration of the sex labour trade in Banladesh: Income expenditure portfolio of the sex workers. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 4(9), 51-62.
Braun, J., Newlin, C., & Huizar, T. (2012). Children's Advocacy Center Philosophy and Model. Presentation at the XIXth ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect, Istanbul, Turkey.
Brackenridge, C., Kay, T., & Rhind, D. (2012). Sport, Children's Rights, and Violence Prevention: A Sourcebook on Global Issues and Local Programmes. Brunel University.
Broadhurst, R., & Jayawardene, K. (2007). Online child sex solicitation: Exploring the feasibility of a research "sting". International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 1(2), 228-248.
International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (2013). Child Protection Model Law: Best Practices-Protection of Children from Neglect, Abuse, Maltreatment, and Exploitation. The Protection Project at The Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). 250 p.
Norman RE, Byambaa M, De R, Butchart A, Scott J, et al. (2012) The Long-Term Health Consequences of Child Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, and Neglect: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLoS Med 9(11): e1001349. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001349
Ólöf Ásta Farestveit (2012). Presentation: Comprehensive Services of the Barnahus.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Refugee Portal. Bridging Refugee Youth & Children's Services (BRYCS) A resource to help ensure that refugees have easy access to multilingual resources on the topics of family life and parenting, early childhood, the U.S. school system (K-12), children's books, and health/mental health.
Roby, J. L. (2005). Women and children in the global sex trade. International Social Work, 48(2), 136-147.
U. S. State Department (2012). Trafficking in Persons Report 2012. Introductory materials in six languages.
World Health Organization (2012). Children with disabilities more likely to experience violence..
The Link. Official Newsletter of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN). Available in seven languages.
U. S. Department of State. (2011). Trafficking in Persons Report 2011.
UNICEF. Information by country and programme. In five languages.
Warchild.org (2013). Shining a spotlight on sexual violence against children in conflict. 25 p.
Yokahama. World Conference against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children. (2001). 44p. EPCAT -End child prostitution, child pornography, and the trafficking of children for sexual purposes
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2006). Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice. Vienna: United Nations. 249 p.
Mikton, C., & Butchart, A. (2009). Child Maltreatment: A systematic review of reviews. World Health Organization.
Pinheiro, Paulo SÈrgio. World Report on Violence against Children. United Nations. October 2006. 355p. (ISBN-10 92-95057-51-1) In German language.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2009).Handbook for Professionals and Policymakers on justice in matters involving child victims and witnesses of crime. Vienna: United Nations. 152 p.
Carr, J. Theme Paper on Child Pornography for the 2nd World Congress on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children. Children & Technology Unit NCH, London, England. 47 p.
UNICEF. (2009). Progress for Children: A Report Card on Child Protection. 52 p.
Douglas, E. M. & Srauss, M. A. (2007). Discipline by parents and child psychopathology. The International Handbook of Psychopathic Disorders and the Law. Eds. Alan R. Felthous and Henning Sab. (pp. 303-17). New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Gallagher, B., Frazer, C., Christmann, K., Hodgson, B. (2006). International and internet child sexual abuse and exploitation. Project Report. University of Huddersfield, UK. 187 p.
Waters, H. (2004). The economic dimensions of interpersonal violence. World Health Organization.
Comprehensive Legal Approaches to Combat Child Pornography: An International and Regional Perspective.
Krone, T. (2005). International Police Operations Against Online Child Pornography. Trends and Issues in crime and and criminal justice. No. 296.
Jaishankar, K. (2009). Sexting: A new form of victimless crime? International Journal of Cybercriminology, 3(1), 21-25.
Center for the Human Rights of Children and International Organzation for Adolescents. (2011). Building Child Welfare Response to Child Trafficking.
World Health Organization (2004). The economic dimensions of Interpersonal violence.
The Global Legal Information Network (GLIN) is a public database of official texts of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations. These GLIN members contribute the full texts of their published documents to the database in their original languages.
Ham, J. (2011). Moving beyond supply and demand catchphrases: Assessing the uses and limitations of dmeand-based approaches in anti-trafficking. Global Alliance Against Traffick in Women. 98p.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (GIFT). (2009). An anti-human trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners. Vienna, Austria, 28 pages.
Andersson, N. et al. (2012). Prevalence and risk factors for forced or coerced sex among school-going youth: National cross-sectional studies in 10 southern African countries in 2003-3007. BMJ Open, 2(2), 1-9.
Brown, D. W., Riley, L., Butchart, A., Meddings, D. R., Kann, L. & Harveya, A. P. (2009). Exposure to physical and sexual violence and adverse health behaviours in African children: results from the Global School-based Student Health Survey. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 447–55.
Kalisya, L. M. et al. (2011). Sexual Violence toward Children and Youth in War-Torn Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. PLoS One, 6 (1), 1-5.
Lalor, K. (2004). Child sexual abuse in Tanzania and Kenya. Dublin Institute of Technology.
Yahaya, I., Soares, J., Ponce De Leon, A., & Macassa, G. (2012). A comparative study of the socioeconomic factors associated with childhood sexual abuse in sub-Saharan Africa. Pan African Medical Journal, 11, 51.
Frederick, J. (2009), ‘Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Boys in South Asia - A Review of Research Findings, Legislation, Policy and Programme Responses’ Innocenti Working Paper No. 2010-02. Florence, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
D G Harendra da Silva (2007). Children needing protection: Experience from South Asia. Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Jejeebhoy, S. J., & Bott, S. (2003). Non-consensual sexual experiences of young people: A review of the evidence from developing countries. New Delhi, India: Population Council.
Cashmore, J., & Shackel, R. (2013). The long-term effects of child sexual abuse. Australia Institute of Family Studies. 29 p.
Davies, E., Rowe, E., & Hassal, I. (2009). Approaches to defining child neglect and intervening to prevent it: A literature review. The Ministry of Social Development commissioned this report done by the Auckland University of Technology. It focuses particularly on children under five years old. 92 pages.
Grant, J. Indermaur, D., Thonton, J., Stevens, G. Chamarette, C., & Halse, A. (2009). Intrafamilial adolescent sex offenders: Psychological profiles and treatment. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 375. 6p.
Hunter, Cathryn. Responding to children and young people's disclosures of abuse. (September 2011). This paper outlines what we know through research and practice about how, why, what and when children and young people are likely to disclose. It offers suggestions for parents, family members, friends, professionals or others to help respond to children and young people at the time of disclosure and afterwards. Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Krone, T. (2004). A typology of online child pornography offending. Trends and Issues in crime and Criminal Justice. No. 279. Australian Institute of Criminology.
Smallbone, S., & Wortley, R. (2000). Child sexual abuse in Queensland: Offender characteristics and modus operandi. Australian Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice & Governance. School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith Univeristy.
Lamont, Alister. (2011). Who Abuses Children? The purpose of the Resource Sheet from the National Child Protection Clearinghouse in Australia is to provide an overview of the evidence available regarding those who abuse children. Identifying common trends from research can help to dispel certain myths and/or beliefs regarding perpetrators of child abuse and neglect.
Mandatory reporting of child abuse. (2012).Compiled by Deborah Scott. Published by the Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Taylor, P., Moore, P., Pezzullo, L., Tucci, J., Goddard, C. and De Bortoli, L. (2008). The Cost of Child Abuse in Australia, Australian Childhood Foundation and Child Abuse Prevention Research Australia: Melbourne.
Gripps, K. (2006). Understanding Indigenous family violence in the context of human rights agenda. Human Rights Defender.
Grant J., Indermaur, D., Thornton, J., Stevens, G., Chamarette, C., & Halse, A. (2009). Intrafamilial adolescent sex offenders: psychological profile and treatment. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice. No. 375.
Shackel, R. (2012). The dynamics of disclosure of child sexual victimization: Implications for investigation and prosecution. Right Now (Online Journal of Human Rights in Australia), July.
Stanley, J., Kovacs, K., Tomison, A., & Kripps, K. (2002). Child Abuse and Family Violence in Aboriginal Communities-Exploring Child Sexual Abuse in Western Australia. National Child Protection Clearinghouse and Australian Institute of Family Studies. 88p.
Andrey Makhanko (2012).International NGO "Ponimanie": Development of Child Protection System in Belarus in 2009-12. Presentation at the XIXth ISPCAN International Congress on Child Abuse and Neglect, Istanbul, Turkey.
Tijne Berg- le Clercq (2012). Combatting child abuse and neglect in Germany, Hungary, Portugal, Sweden and the Netherlands. Netherlands Jeugdinstituut.
Council of Europe Guidelines on Child-Friendly Justice. Draft Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on child-friendly justice (as prepared by Ms. Ankie Vandekerckhove, Scintific Expert of the CJ-S-CH, following the 3rd meeting of the Group on 8-10 December 2009), Strasbourg, 5 January 2010, 19 p.
World Health Organization. Violence and Injury Prevention Programme. (2007). Preventing Child Maltreatment in Europe: A Public Health Approach. 16 p.
Ainsaar, M., & Loof, L. (2010). Online behaviour related to child sexual abuse: Literature report.
Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse - Databse of Best Practice. (2011). European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). Descriptions and links to more than 40 examples of prevention efforts against child sexual abuse in Europe are provided. These efforts vary widely in terms of target group, environment and methods used. Translation is available through Google for many of them.
Avanci, J., Assis, S., Oliveira, R., & Pires, T.(2012). Childhood depression: Exploring the association between family violence and other psychosocial factors in low-income Brazilian schoolchildren. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 6, 26-35.
Habigzang, L. F., Stroeher, F. H., Hatzenberger, R., Cunha, R. C., da Silva Ramos, M., & Koller, S. H. (2009). Cognitive behavioral group therapy for sexually abused girls. Rev Saúde Pública 2009;43(Supl. 1).
Bassini, D. G., et al. (2009). Child sexual abuse in southern Brazil and associated factors: A population based study. BMC Public Health, 9(133).
What victims of crime can expect from the criminal justice system: Victims of crime protocol. 2007.
Efficacy of Child Advocacy Centers: A Bibliography. (2011). National Children's Advocacy Center. MANDARIN TRANSLATION
Cross, T. P., Jones, L. M., Walsh, W. A., & SImone, M. (2006) Executive Summary: Findings from the UNH Multi-Site Evaluation of Children's Advocacy Centers. Crimes Against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire. MANDARIN TRANSLATION.
National Children's Advocacy Center (2011). Forensic Interview Structure. MANDARIN TRANSLATION
Jakupcevic, K. K., & Ajdukovic, M. (2011). Risk factors of child physical abuse by parents with mixed anxiety-depressive disorder or posttraumatic stress disorder. Croatian Medical Journal, 52, 25-34.
Featured "In The Loop"
Picherot, G., Vabres, N., Fleury, J., Launay, E., & Gras-Leguen, C. (2012). How do we recognize recent sexual abuse in children less than 10 years of age? What is the role of Paediatric Wards? Experience in a French Paediatric Hospital. In E. A. Kalfoğlu (Ed.), Sexual abuse - breaking the silence, p. 127-136.
Jacobi, G., Dettmeyer, R., Banaschak, S., Brosig, B., & Herrmann, B. (2010). Child Abuse and Neglect: Diagnosis and Management. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 107(13), 231–40. A selective literature review based on a search of different databases for publications on all types of violence against children in Germany, except sexual and emotional abuse. The authors present typical case constellations and characteristic patterns of injury that should arouse the suspicion of child maltreatment and then outline the appropriate behavioral options in response to child maltreatment and the medical interventions that should be undertaken to protect children against it.
Kalogiratou, A. “Η Ανάμνηση Παιδικής Σεξουαλικής Κακοποίησης και τα ΜΜΕ: Προβληματισμοί και Θέματα Δεοντολογίας (The Recollection of Childhood Sexual Abuse Memories and the Mass Media), In: O.Giotakos, V.Prekate (eds.),” Sexual Abuse: Secret No More. Greek Letters, Athens, Greece. 7 p.
Freydís jóna freysteinsdóttir. (2004). Risk Factors for Repeated Child Maltreatment.
Gudbrandsson, B.(2012). Presentation-"The Children's House-Barnahus: The Multidisciplinary Response to Child's Disclosure of Abuse". The Government Agency for Child Protection-Iceland.
Nautiyal, P., & Mal, A. (2010). Towards protection of children against sexual abuse: No child's play. 3 NUJS L. REV.77. 16 pages. This paper addresses some areas of concern with the substantive and procedural aspects of the Offences against Children (Prevention) Bill, 2005, dealing with the issue of child sexual abuse,not only with respect to the Bill, but with the overarching scheme of child protection in India.
Srivastava, M., & Jayasurya, G. (2011). Sexual offenses against children: Emerging legal responses & legislative policy making. 13 p.
Knaul, F. M., & Ramirez, M. A. (2005). "Family violence and child abuse in Latin America and the Caribbean: The cases of Columbia and Mexico", IADB, Sustainable Development Department Technical Papers Series, SOC-137. 57 p.
School Manual on Emergency Preparedness and Response (2010). Namibia. 64 p.
International Investigative Interviewing Research Group (2010). Bulletin 2(2).
Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police. Fact Sheet.
Sørbø, M. F., Grimstad, H., Bjørngaard, J.H., Schei, B., & Lukasse, M. (2012). Prevalence of sexual, physical and emotional abuse in the Norwegian mother and child cohort study. BMC Public Health, 13, 186-197.
Huntley, S. S. (2013). Russian Legislation on the Protection of Children Against Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation: A Review. International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children. 167p.
Newlin, C. (2012). International implementation of the Children's Advocacy Center model and Russia-specific Resources. International implementation of the Children's Advocacy Center model and Russia-specific Resources. Международное внедрение модели Центра Детских Адвокатов и ресурсы, специфичные для России. The National Children's Advocacy Center. Slide presentation.
UNICEF in the Russian Federation - to protect and support children's rights enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. UNICEF is working in Russia since 1997. Original in Russian language.
Cross, T. P., Jones, L. M., Walsh, W. A., & Simone, M. (2006). Executive Summary: Findings from the UNH Multi-Site Evaluation of Children's Advocacy Centers. Crimes Against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire. RUSSIAN TRANSLATION
Efficacy of Child Advocacy Centers: A bibliography. (2011). National Children's Advocacy Center. RUSSIAN TRANSLATION.
Srivastava, M., & Jayasurya, G. (2011). Sexual offenses against children
Edgardh, K. (2002). Adolescent sexual health in Sweden. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 78(5), 352-356.
Edvardsson, B. (1997). A critical examination of investigative methods in fifteen cases of alleged child sexual abuse in Sweden. The 7th European Conference on Psychology and Law, Swedish Police School, Solna.
Sundell, K. (1997). Child-care personnel's failure to report child maltreatment: Some Swedish evidence. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21(1), 93-105.
Swahnberg, I. K., & Wijma, B. (2003). The NorVold Abuse Questionnaire (NorAQ) Validation of new measures of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, and abuse in the health care system among women. The European Journal of Public Health, 13(4), 361-366.
Swahnberg, K., Hearn, J., & Wijma, B. (2009). Prevalence of perceived experiences of emotional, physical, sexual, and health care abuse in a Swedish male patient sample. Violence and Victims, 24(2), 265-279.
Svedin, C. G., & Back, C. (2003). Why Didn't They Tell Us? On Sexual Abuse and Child Pornography. Tallin, EVG Print. 88p
Hartwig, M. (2005). Interrogating to Detect Deception and Truth: Effects of Strategic Use of Evidence. Gˆteborg University Department of Psychology. 57p
Schönbucher, V., Maier, T., Held, L., Mohler-Kuo., Schnyder, U., & Landolf, M. A. (2011). Prevalence of child sexual abuse in Switzerland: A systematic review. Swiss Medical Weekly, 140:w13123.
Kar, Hakan. (2011). Sexual assault in childhood and adolescence. In Duarte Nuno Vieira (Ed.), Forensic Medicine - From old problems to new challenges. InTech. Written by a Faculty member of the Department of Forensic Medicine at Mersin University. 26 pages, with medical illustrations.
Karanfil, R., Akcan, R., & Orhan, F. O. (2011). Allegations of child sexual abuse and paranoid disorder: A report of 2 cases. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry, 22(1), 1-4.
Berelowitz, S., Firmin, C., Edwards, G., & Gulyurtlu, S. (2012). Inquiry into Child Sexual Exploitation in Gangs and Groups. Interim Report. Office of the Children's Commissioner. 137p.
Criminal Justice System. Achieving Best Evidence in Criminal Proceedings: Guidance on Interviewing Victims and Witnesses, and Using Special Measures. (2007).
Barnardo's. (2010). From Playground to Prison: The case for reviewing the age of criminal responsibility. 12 p.
Allnock, D. (2010). Children and young people disclosing abuse: An introduction to the research. London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
LaRooy, D., Lamb, M. E, & Memon, A. (2008). Forensic interviews with children in Scotland: A survey of interview practices among police.
Martellozzo, Elena. (2011). Research highlights for children's online safety. Policing online child sexual abuse. UK Council for Child Internet Safety and Middlesex University.
UK Council for Child Internet Safety. (2012). Advice on child internet safety 1.0 Universal guidelines for providers.More than 40 organizations joined together to create this resource for parents and caregivers.
Nguyen, H. T., Dunne, M. P., & Le, A. V. (2009). Multiple types of child maltreatment and adolescent mental health in Viet Nam. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 22-30.
Review Article. Integration of Services for Victims of Child Sexual Abuse at the University Teaching Hospital One-Stop Centre. Journal of Tropical Medicine.